These terms of engagement are supplemental and/or in addition to the terms set out in the letter of engagement accompanying this document and apply to all work Kyriakides & Braier Solicitors undertake for you. If there is an inconsistency between any of the provisions of these terms and conditions and the letter of engagement the letter of engagement shall prevail.
The following terms of engagement apply to all work carried out by Kyriakides & Braier Solicitors for clients unless agreed otherwise in writing by a partner of the firm. In these terms “we”, “us” and “our” refer to Kyriakides & Braier Solicitors and “you” and “your” refer to you, the client.
We shall assume that whoever gives us instructions to provide services has the actual authority to do so. Where instructions are given on behalf of a company, a limited liability partnership, a partnership or other organisation we shall assume that these terms of engagement have been brought to the attention of the appropriate officers.
Whenever possible we ask you to give or confirm your instructions to us in writing. If you do not confirm instructions in writing we shall confirm your instructions in writing. To enable us to act in your best interests it is vital that you provide us with all the relevant information that is available and that you keep us fully informed of any changes in your instructions. We will confirm instructions to you in writing when you do not write to us. We will update you by telephone or in writing with progress on your matter on a regular basis.
You are responsible for informing us of all material factors of which you are aware that may affect the work we carry out.
Our advice will in many cases be based wholly or in part upon information provided by you or on your behalf. Therefore, we assume no responsibility and make no representations with respect to the accuracy or completeness of any information provided by you or on your behalf. You remain responsible for any commercial decision that you make, and in taking such decisions regard must be had to the restrictions on the scope of work and to the large number of other factors of which you and your advisers are or should be aware from sources other than our work.
Our normal office hours are 9:30 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. We can often be contacted outside these hours and please ask for alternative contact details if you require so to do.
Each aspect of a matter is handled by a fee earner with the appropriate level of experience. All work that is undertaken on your behalf will be recorded to ensure that you are charged accurately. All work we carry out on your behalf will be charged in units of one tenth of an hour. This will include time spent attending meetings with you or others, travelling, preparing and working on papers and documents, attending court, legal research, correspondence (including e-mails), preparing attendance notes and making and receiving telephone calls.
We may provide you with a costs estimate before we begin work on a matter. An estimate is an indication we make in good faith of the likely costs for carrying out the work concerned based upon the information available to us at that time. An estimate is subject to revision and does not amount to a contractual commitment on our part to carry out the work within that estimate. We will tell you promptly if it becomes apparent that our fees are likely to exceed any estimate given to you.
We may also provide you with a quotation before we begin work on a matter. A quotation if accepted becomes a contractual commitment. If you instruct us to carry out work outside the scope of work for the agreed fee you shall be charged at our current hourly rates. We reserve the right to charge additional fees on the same basis for material additional work arising from circumstances known to you when you accepted a quotation but not disclosed to us.
Any estimate or quotation will be based on the information you have given to us. If the matter becomes more protracted than reasonably anticipated, complex or time consuming than can reasonably be anticipated or your requirements change significantly or urgent deadlines are imposed we reserve the right to revise any estimate or quotation provided to you.
Our hourly rates are shown exclusive of VAT which will be added to your invoice at the rate in force at the relevant date. Our hourly rates are reviewed annually.
We may, at the outset of a matter or at any stage during the progress of a matter, request you to make a payment on account for our fees and/or disbursements. We shall hold this money in a separate bank account and credited against your invoice for the work concerned.
We will provide you with information about your fees at regular intervals and whenever possible we will explain to you any changes in circumstances which will, or are likely to, affect the costs. We aim to give you the best possible information, both at the outset and when appropriate as your matter progresses, about the likely overall cost of the work we are doing for you. But in some matters it may not be possible to give an estimate as to the likely overall amount of our costs, for example, in litigation matters, if documentation needs to be prepared or negotiated, if complicated legal points are involved or if there are disputes about the facts of a case. In such matters we may simply be able to tell you our hourly rates, or propose a budget for a preliminary investigation. Such a budget does not imply that we will be able to complete the matter within the budget figure.
You need to bear in mind the risk that in litigation matters there may be an appeal against the decision of a lower court. In giving you any estimate of litigation costs, we do not allow for the further costs of any appeal by you or your opponent to a higher court.
Please note that VAT, specific expenses and disbursements must be added to any estimate, quotation or fixed fee proposal.
Unless you notify us in writing to the contrary, we will assume that we have authority to incur the usual disbursements and expenses encountered in the course of work we do for you. We shall consult with you before incurring any significant disbursements and seek your express agreement before incurring such disbursements. Disbursements may include Counsel’s fees, expert fees, court fees, search fees, stamp duty, registration fees and bank fees.
If we are required to travel on your behalf you will be charged at business class rate (by air) or equivalent or first class by train or if by car a mileage rate of £0.45 pence per mile. These rates are in addition to charging for the time incurred in travelling at the agreed basis.
VAT will be added to all disbursements and expenses where applicable.
Unless otherwise agreed in our letter of engagement all invoices are payable upon receipt. If you fail to settle our account when due we reserve the right to charge interest at the rate of 8% per annum until your remittance is received. Interest will accrue on a day-to-day basis.
There may be circumstances where we may be entitled to exercise a lien for unpaid costs. This means we may hold on to your papers and other assets in our possession pending payment of those costs.
We shall invoice you on a monthly basis for the work carried out in the preceding month, unless we have specifically agreed in writing to different payment terms.
Unless otherwise stated, each bill issued to you is a final bill covering the total charge for the work carried out within the stated period. Further, unless otherwise stated, each bill has the status of a statute bill which means that in the event of non-payment we are entitled to issue proceedings for recovery through the courts after the expiration of one month from the date of delivery of the bill. A statute bill also gives you certain rights to have the bill assessed by the court under the Solicitors Act 1974 if you consider that you have been incorrectly charged. The rights to have a bill assessed are however subject to time limits and lost if action is not taken by you promptly. You should note that your right to have a bill assessed is separate from your right to complain. If the ‘value’ or ‘importance’ element is achieved only as a result of the completion or final settlement of the case, and has not been taken into account in earlier bills, we reserve the right to take it into account in our concluding bill. We may also include in a later bill any specific expenses or disbursements incurred in an earlier period but not previously billed.
Our bills are payable in sterling, and if you send payment in other currencies you will be responsible for any conversion expenses and exchange losses. Payment should be made either by cheque drawn on a London bank or directly into our bank account.
You agree that our bills may be delivered to you electronically.
As part of these terms you agree to:
You agree to:
When we are instructed to act in a matter for more than one person, we may assume that (unless you tell us otherwise in writing):
If you are not a private individual, we will accept instructions from anyone within your organisation who asks us to do any work for you. If you only wish us to deal with specific individuals, you should tell us this in writing.
Any monies that we receive either from you, or for you from a third party, will be held by us in our general client bank account (and not in a separate designated client account) subject to the provisions of the Solicitors’ Accounts Rules 2011. So far as allowed by Rule 23 and Rule 25 we shall not be liable to account to you for interest on any monies which we hold for you irrespective of the amount of such monies or the period of time held.
Without prejudice to the generality of the above paragraph we shall be entitled to retain (and not to account to you for) all and any interest earned on monies held by us as stakeholder.
In respect of all monies held or collected for you in our client account you consent to our using such monies for our costs and disbursement that have been billed to you from time to time.
We currently maintain a client bank account with National Westminster Bank Plc where we deposit clients’ funds. Those funds will be deposited in that account at the request of the client and we shall accept no liability for any failure by National Westminster Bank Plc or any other bank with whom we are instructed to deal.
In contentious matters even if you are successful and obtain an order for another party to pay your costs the award made by the Court is generally not more than 60 -70% of your actual costs. You will remain liable at all times for payment of any invoices rendered during or at the end of any contentious matter. Please note that costs cannot usually be recovered in the County Court when the claim is for less than £10,000.
When we have not met with you the Consumer Contracts (Information, Cancellation and Additional Charges) Regulations 2013 may apply and you may have the right to cancel your instructions within fourteen days of receiving these terms and conditions. You can cancel your instructions by contacting us by post, fax or e-mail. Once we have started work on your matter, you will be charged if you cancel your instructions. Upon receipt of a signed engagement letter from you this will be taken as instructions to commence work on your matter within fourteen days.
We expect to continue to act for you until we finish the work commenced. Either you or we may bring the provisions of all or any services to an end at any time by giving written notice to the other. We will not do so without good reasons, such as your failure to pay us any money due or your failure to pay any sums we may require on account whether for our own costs or disbursements, should you give us instructions to act in a way that is inconsistent with the law and you refuse to accept that this is the case, should you fail to provide timely instructions, should you fail to co-operate and/or provide reasonable requests for documents and/or other material information, the creation or discovery of a conflict of interest, you requiring us to break rules of professional conduct or law, our determination that the relationship of trust and confidence necessary between a solicitor and client does not exist between us, your failure to give us adequate instructions or any other breach by you of these terms of engagement.
If either of us terminates instructions, you must pay all fees and disbursements incurred before termination together with any further fees and disbursements for work necessary to transfer our files to another adviser of your choice.
We only retain certain original documents on your file. All correspondence, attendance notes, invoices for disbursements and copy documentation are stored electronically only.
After completing the work, we will be entitled to keep all your papers and documents (in whatever form these are stored) while there is still money owed to us for fees and expenses. We will keep our file for up to 6 years, except those documents that you ask to be returned to you. We keep files on the understanding that we can destroy or delete them 6 years after the date of the final bill. We will not destroy documents you ask us to deposit in safe custody.
If we take papers or documents out of storage (including any electronic archive) in relation to continuing or new instructions to act for you, we will not morally charge for such retrieval. However, we may charge you for:-
Our working materials, all correspondence between you and us and other material generated by us in that work will remain our property.
If we receive requests for information of an auditing nature from you, your accountants or auditors, we may address our response to them without reference to you, and we may charge you for the time spent in addressing these enquiries at our normal hourly rates.
If we draft documents for you including (but not limited to) agreements, contractual provisions, precedents, letters of advice, reports, and legal opinions (any of which are referred to in this paragraph as “the Material”), the copyright in our contribution to the Material belongs to us. If you have paid all our fees for the matter in which it was drafted, you are granted a non-exclusive licence to use the Material for the purpose for which it was drafted (as communicated by you to us) and to copy it for record purposes.
12.limitation of liability
Our total liability to you in respect of any single matter upon which we are instructed (whether in contract, tort or otherwise) shall be limited to £2 million. Should you require us to undertake a larger liability for any single matter we shall first need to reach agreement in writing setting out the new limit of liability agreed. This provision shall have no application to any liability for death or personal injury, any other liability which cannot be lawfully excluded or limited or in respect of liability arising as a result of fraud on our part. We will not be liable for any consequential, special, indirect or exemplary damages, costs or losses or any damages, costs of losses attributable to lost profits or opportunities.
Where there is more than one party to an engagement letter the limit of liability will have to be allocated amongst our respective clients. It is agreed that, save where an allocation is expressly stated in the engagement letter, such allocation will be entirely a matter for you and you shall be under no obligation to inform us of the allocation. If no such allocation is agreed, you shall not dispute the validity, enforceability or operation of the limit of liability on the ground that no such allocation was agreed. Your agreement is not with any particular individual of Kyriakides & Braier even if all the work by us is carried out by one individual only.
If we instruct lawyers or agents in the United Kingdom or abroad to act on your behalf we will exercise due care in their selection. We will not however be responsible for any act or omission made by those lawyers or agents so instructed.
Our professional indemnity insurance is provided by AXIS Speciality Europe SE. All enquiries regarding this policy should be made to Miller Insurance Services LLP of 70 Mark Lane, London EC3R 7NQ.
We are committed to providing a high level of service. Details as to whom complaints should be addressed to are set out in the letter of engagement.
You are entitled to complain about any invoice rendered by us. You may also be able to object to the bill by making a complaint to the Legal Ombudsman and/or by applying to the court for an assessment of the bill under Part III of the Solicitors’ Act 1974. Each invoice rendered will give information on your rights to seek from the Court an order for that account to be assessed or your right to complain to the Legal Ombudsman. The Legal Ombudsman may not consider a complaint about an invoice if you have applied to the court for assessment of the invoice.
If you contact us by e-mail or agree to us contacting you by e-mail, you will take all security risks of e-mail contact although we shall do our best to use reasonable security measures. However, the electronic transmission of information cannot be guaranteed to be secure or error free and such information can be intercepted, corrupted, lost, destroyed, arrive late or incomplete or otherwise be adversely affect or unsafe to use.
We each agree to use commercially reasonable procedures to check for the most commonly known viruses before sending information electronically, but we recognise that such procedures cannot be a guarantee that transmissions will be virus free.
The use of e-mail could result in breach of confidentiality. For example any e-mail may theoretically be intercepted, read, manipulated or corrupted at any point along its journey. Unless you specifically request in writing when returning our signed letter of engagement we shall assume you agree for e-mail to be used as means of communication in respect of all matters upon which you instruct us.
We use the information you provide primarily for the provisions of legal services to you and for related purposes including updating and enhancing client records, analysis to help us manage our practice, statutory returns and legal and regulatory compliance. Our use of that information is subject to your instructions, the Data Protection Act 1998 and the General Data Protection Regulations and our duty of confidentiality. Please note that our work for you may require us to give information to third parties and other professional advisers. You have a right to access under data protection legislation to the personal data that we hold about you.
You will find attached to these Terms of Engagement at Schedule 1 a Client Data Protection Information Notice.
Information of a confidential nature which you provide to us will be kept strictly confidential, subject to our legal obligations. If, however, we are working on a matter in conjunction with your other advisers we may unless you notify us otherwise, disclose any such information to and discuss it with such other advisers as appropriate. Unless you notify us to the contrary in writing, we shall be entitled to refer to information which is in the public domain and/or is a matter of public record. This would include the fact that we are acting or have acted for you in relation to the matter for our marketing purposes, including any promotional material.
Unless agreed specially in writing we retain the copyright and other intellectual property rights in all written and other material supplied to you concerning matters in which we are instructed. If material prepared by us is passed to or disclosed to third parties then you accept liability for the payment of a proper professional charge for the use of such documentation together with all expenses or losses incurred in enforcing our intellectual property rights.
A Force Majeure Event means an event beyond the reasonable control of us including but not limited to strikes, lock-outs or other industrial disputes, failure of a utility service or transport network, act of God, war, riot, civil commotion, malicious damage, compliance with any law or governmental order, rule, regulation or direction, accident, breakdown of plant or machinery, fire, flood, storm or default of suppliers or subcontractors.
We shall not be liable to you as a result of any delay or failure to perform our obligations as a result of a Force Majeure Event.
We are committed to promoting equality and diversity in all of our dealings with clients, third parties and employees. Please contact us if you would like a copy of our equality and diversity policy.
Applicability. In the event that you instruct us in respect of any other matter after the date of our letter of engagement such instruction these terms of engagement shall apply to all such instructions unless specifically agreed otherwise in writing by us.
Severance.If any provision or part-provision of these terms of engagement is or becomes invalid, illegal or unenforceable, they shall be deemed modified to the minimum extent necessary to make it valid, legal and enforceable. If such modification is not possible, the relevant provision or part-provision shall be deemed deleted. Any modification to or deletion of a provision or part-provision under this clause shall not affect the validity and enforceability of the rest of the terms of engagement.
Waiver. A waiver of any right under these terms of engagement or law is only effective if it is in writing and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach or default. No failure or delay by a party in exercising any right or remedy provided under these terms of engagement or by law shall constitute a waiver of that or any other right or remedy, nor shall it prevent or restrict its further exercise of that or any other right or remedy. No single or partial exercise of such right or remedy shall prevent or restrict the further exercise of that or any other right or remedy.
Third parties. A person who is not a party to the Contract shall not have any rights to enforce its terms.
Variation. Except as set out in letter of engagement, no variation of these terms of engagement, including the introduction of any additional terms and conditions, shall be effective unless it is agreed in writing by a partner of Kyriakides & Braier Solicitors.
Governing law. These terms of engagement (including the letter of engagement), and any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with it or its subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims), shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with the law of England and Wales.
Jurisdiction. Each party irrevocably agrees that the courts of England and Wales shall have exclusive jurisdiction to settle any dispute or claim arising out of or in connection with these terms of engagement or their subject matter or formation (including non-contractual disputes or claims).
The purpose of this document is to explain the obligations of Kyriakides & Braier (“our Firm”) regarding data protection and your rights as our client (“data subjects”) in respect of your personal data under EU Regulation 2016/679 General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”).
The GDPR defines “personal data” as any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (a “data subject”); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier, or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural, or social identity of that natural person. In essence “personal data” is any information that relates to you and that identifies you either directly from that information or indirectly, by reference to other information that we have access to
This letter sets our Firm’s obligations regarding the collection, processing, transfer, storage, and disposal of your personal data. Our Firm has implemented procedures and policies for our employees, agents, contractors, or other parties working on behalf of our Firm to follow at all times.
2. Lawful, Fair, and Transparent Data Processing
The GDPR seeks to ensure that personal data is processed lawfully, fairly, and transparently, without adversely affecting your rights as the data subject.
As you are a client of our Firm and have contracted with us to provide you with the necessary legal assistance, under the GDPR we are allowed to process your personal data as a necessity for the performance of the contract.
3. The Data Protection Principles
The GDPR sets out the following principles with which any party handling personal data must comply. All personal data must be: Processed lawfully, fairly, and in a transparent manner in relation to the data subject.
4.1. Your Rights (as a Data Subject)
The GDPR sets out the following rights applicable to data subjects (please refer to the parts of this policy indicated for further details):
4.1.1. Keeping You Informed
Our Firm shall provide the information set out below to every client:
Where your personal data is collected directly from you, you will be informed of its purpose at the time of collection; and
Where your personal data is obtained from a third party, you will be informed of its purpose:
a) if the personal data is used to communicate with you, when the first communication is made; or
b) if the personal data is to be transferred to another party, before that transfer is made; or
c) as soon as reasonably possible and in any event not more than one month after the personal data is obtained.
4.2. Data Subject Access
You may make subject access requests (“SARs”) at any time to find out more about the personal data which our Firm holds about you, what it is doing with that personal data, and why.
If you wish to make a SAR you may do so in writing. SARs should be addressed to the Firm’s Data Protection Officer.
Responses to SARs shall normally be made within one month of receipt, however we may extend by up to two months if the SAR is complex and/or numerous requests are made. If such additional time is required, you shall be informed.
All SARs received shall be handled by the Firm’s Data Protection Officer.
Our Firm does not charge a fee for the handling of normal SARs. However we reserve the right to charge reasonable fees for additional copies of information that has already been supplied to you, and for requests that are manifestly unfounded or excessive, particularly where such requests are repetitive.
4.3. Rectification of Personal Data
You have the right to require us to rectify any of you personal data that is inaccurate or incomplete.
Our Firm shall rectify the personal data in question, and inform you of that rectification, within one month of you informing our Firm of the issue. The period can be extended by up to two months in the case of complex requests. If such additional time is required, you shall be informed.
In the event that any affected personal data has been disclosed to third parties, those parties shall be informed of any rectification that must be made to that personal data.
4.4. Erasure of Personal Data
You have the right to request that our Firm erases the personal data it holds about you in the following circumstances:
(a)It is no longer necessary for our Firm to hold your personal data with respect to the purpose(s) for which it was originally collected or processed;
(b)You wish to withdraw your consent to our Firm holding and processing your personal data;
(c)You objects to our Firm holding and processing your personal data (and there is no overriding legitimate interest to allow our Firm to continue doing so);
(d)he personal data has been processed unlawfully;
(e)The personal data needs to be erased in order for our Firm to comply with a particular legal obligation.
Unless our Firm has reasonable grounds to refuse to erase personal data, all requests for erasure shall be complied with, and you will be informed of the erasure, within one month of receipt of your request. The period can be extended by up to two months in the case of complex requests. If such additional time is required, you shall be informed.
In the event that any personal data that is to be erased in response to your request has been disclosed to third parties, those parties shall be informed of the erasure (unless it is impossible or would require disproportionate effort to do so).
4.5. Restriction of Personal Data Processing
You may request that our Firm ceases processing the personal data it holds about you. If you make such a request, our Firm shall retain only the amount of personal data concerning you (if any) that is necessary to ensure that the personal data in question is not processed further.
In the event that any affected personal data has been disclosed to third parties, those parties shall be informed of the applicable restrictions on processing it (unless it is impossible or would require disproportionate effort to do so).
4.6. Objections to Personal Data Processing
You have the right to object to our Firm processing your personal data based on legitimate interests, direct marketing (including profiling).
Where you object to our Firm processing your personal data based on its legitimate interests, our Firm shall cease such processing immediately, unless it can be demonstrated that the Firm’s legitimate grounds for such processing override your interests, rights, and freedoms, or that the processing is necessary for the conduct of legal claims.
Where you object to our Firm processing your personal data for direct marketing purposes, our Firm shall cease such processing immediately.
4.7. Sharing of Personal Data
During our retainer with you we may share your information with the following entities:
5. Personal Data Collected, Held and Processed
The following personal data may be collected, held and processed by our Firm
|Data Ref.||Type of Data||Purpose of Data|
|Client Name||Your Name||To identify you|
|Address||Your Address||To send letters to you|
|Email address||Your email address||To send communication via email|
|Date of Birth||Your date of birth||To identify you (only if necessary)|
|Passport Number||Your passport details||To identify you and comply with Anti-Money Laundering Regulations – where applicable|
|Driving licence number||Your driving licence details||To identify you and comply with Anti-Money Laundering Regulations – where applicable|
|Utility Bill||Your utility bill(s)||To identify you and comply with Anti-Money Laundering Regulations – where applicable|